The Basics Of Carbohydrates

ARGUABLY THE CRIMINAL AMONGST THE GENERAL POPULATION WHEN IT COMES TO WEIGHT/FAT GAIN AND FOR THIS REASON THE CARBOHYDRATES TEND TO BE EXCLUDED OR DRASTICALLY REDUCED FROM MOST PEOPLE'S DIETS.


Are carbohydrates at all important? Do we need them?


Carbohydrates role within the body is to provide fuel for essential function.


Carbohydrates are NON essential for survival, meaning the body can survive without carbohydrates, however if we intend on doing anything else beyond just surviving, carbohydrates become a fundamental macronutrient.

Wait what? If they are not essential why do we need them?

Carbohydrates are the body's primary source of energy, they fuel day to day activities, workouts, etc.


Carbohydrates also allows the highly anabolic hormone, insulin to come into play. The action of insulin helps protein synthesis and ensure that the catabolic actions of protein breakdown are kept to a minimum.


For those people who are leaner this is key to limit the breakdown and usage of protein as a fuel source.


What does insulin do???

Before we touch on insulin let's talk about some fundamental basics.


First we need to be aware of the building blocks of carbohydrates, they are:


MONOSACCHARIDES

(One sugar molecule)


DISACCHARIDES

(Two sugar molecules)

OLIGOSACCHARIDES

(Two to ten sugar molecules)


POLYSACCHARIDES

(Ten or more sugar molecules)


For more information you can just Google each one of them.